THE FAMILY HISTORY OF EDWARD DOUGLAS ZANDERS.

 

Cambridge, England, Summer 2000

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction

There is a theory that the young are interested in looking back to the past to discover their origins, and the older generation is more concerned with the future; perhaps there is some truth in this, considering the turbulent events of the twentieth century prior to 1945 which those who lived through those times might want to forget. The "young" like myself have benefited from security and prosperity which could only be dreamt of before the post war era.

My curiosity was aroused relatively recently; being born in 1950 means that I shall be 50 this year, which was one factor. Also, my parents Douglas and Beth have expressed an interest in their family history after many years of building a life in England, as well as Angela, Michael and Joanna who have always been keen to find out more. All this together, plus the availability of computer aids such as the internet, E mail and scanners, has prompted me to assemble as much as I can into a personal history archived onto CD ROM. I have concentrated on my line in the interests of space (and my sanity) since the names mushroom very quickly. I hope that my children Matthew and Edward, who are keeping the Zanders name, will find it of use when they grow older, and pass it on to their descendants; meanwhile the rest of the family, including my wife Rosemary, may derive some interest from events which seem like an eternity ago both in time and culture. Family trees are all about the intermingling of genes through the generations-by coincidence, 2000 is the year in which the first draft of the human genome sequence will be completed, the so-called "book of life of man", so it seems appropriate to get the Zanders history project started in the same year (albeit a lot more cheaply). Importantly, it should be made clear that most of the material is the result of the hard work of others. I have been the beneficiary of photos, documents and web pages from several key family members; I should like to acknowledge the following in particular: Carol Murray, a relative of John Oscar Zanders whose web site I stumbled upon leading me to most of the information on this line of the family. Daphne Griffiths, and her fascinating account of the Duffels and the Harris side of my mother’s family. Brian Spear for his family tree of the Harris and Baker families. Heather Hill (nee Baker) my cousin who sent photographs and information. Gerald and Lynn and Rachel Zanders for the Lamont information. Sadly, Gerald died during the Summer when this was being put together. I was glad to have been able to talk to him on the phone at length while he looked out some material for me. Shane Niblock kindly sent the information on the Niblock side. My brother Michael and sisters Joanna and Angela for support and interest. Finally, my parents who have shown encouragement and recounted key aspects of their lives in New Zealand as well as finding long-lost photos of their families.

The history starts with my lifetime from birth in Christchurch, New Zealand, emigration to London and eventual settling in Cambridgeshire. The four lines which lead into my existence are the Zanders and Lamonts on my father’s side, and the Baker and Harris families on my mother’s. All of these are described in separate sections and in varying detail according to the information available to me. I’ve tried to include some contemporary pictures from other sources where possible, in particular the Alexander Turnbull library in New Zealand. A brief description of the Niblock family is also included to take account of my half brother Michael and half sister Joanna.

THE ZANDERS FAMILY-SUMMER 2000.

 

Edward Douglas Zanders

Rosemary Ann, Edward Lee, Matthew Edward

Kingston Pastures Cottage, Old Wimpole Road, Cambridgeshire, England.

The house is on the edge of the National Trust-owned Wimpole estate with Wimpole Hall, a large house previously owned by the daughter of Rudyard Kipling. It is about 12 miles from the university town of Cambridge.

 

 

 

Wimpole Hall (1915)

 

 

 

 

 

Cambridge Colleges

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kingston Pastures Cottage –(aeroplane from Bourn airfield)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Edward Douglas Zanders- born Christchurch

New Zealand August 31st 1950

 

 

 

 

 

Godparents Frances Bird and Allen Curnow

 

 

 

 

Christchurch

Christchurch in 1950

First home: 178 Rossall Street, Merivale

 

 

Same address in 1998

 

 

 

 

 

Emigration to England on RMS Ruahine 1952

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Old Rectory, Ashton, Northants. June 1952.

Home of James (ornithologist) and Marjorie Fisher, school friend of Beth in Christchurch.

(remember hearing sound of Sputnik-1 first object into space on radio during later visit in 1957)

 

 

 

Chepstow Place Bayswater London, July 1952-March 1953 (First memory-bath!)

 

 

 

Michael Kensington Gardens, Bayswater

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bridge Lane, London NW11 April 1953-December 1954

 

 

 

 

 

 

With Michael and Joanna

 

 

1 Hurst Close , London NW11 December 1954-1984 (left home Summer 1969)

 

ANGELA BORN JUNE 21st 1956

 

 

 

FAMILY AND FRIENDS-BOY IN FRONT IS PETER MANDELSON, CURRENTLY SECRETARY OF STATE FOR NORTHERN IRELAND!

WITH JOANNA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ST JUDE’S CHURCH FRANK PARLETT

 

 

 

 

 

1976 1977 1979

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANGELA MICHAEL ED JOANNA DOUGLAS JOANNA

HURST CLOSE 1980

 

WEDDING TO ROSEMARY ANNE BAKER FROM IPSWICH, SUFFOLK JUNE 9TH 1984.

MICHAEL ANGELA BETH ED ROSEMARY JOANNA DOUGLAS

 

 

 

CONTINUING THE ZANDERS LINE INTO THE 21ST

CENTURY:

EDWARD LEE (left) -BORN 25TH MARCH 1994 GENEVA,

SWITZERLAND

MATTHEW EDWARD-BORN 27TH OCTOBER 1987

HAMMERSMITH, LONDON

 

 

 

FAMILY TREE OF PARENTS’ DESCENDANTS

The immediate relatives of the Cambridgeshire Zanders family are shown below:

 

 

Parents and siblings of Douglas Zanders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parents and siblings of Avril Elizabeth Baker

 

 

THE ZANDERS LINE

The name Zanders is relatively common in Germany and Holland-our family name was originally Zander (like the predatory fish related to the pike!) traced back to the Berlin area in Germany. The "s" on the end was added later on for reasons which are speculative, but will be mentioned later. The earliest known relative is Johan Emil Oscar Zander, a carpenter/cabinet maker from Berlin who was born in 1846, married Caroline Friedericke Wilhelmina Gesericke in 1871 and emigrated to Queensland Australia on the "Lammershagen" in 1877. The family (now with three children) moved to New Zealand in the Auckland area in 1879 where eight more children were born, including Frederick Harry, the father of Douglas. The family tree is now extensive, and there are many Zanders at large in New Zealand and elsewhere as a result of Johan (later John) and Caroline’s migration.

 

 

 

GERMAN ORIGINS

 

 

 

Johan Emil Oscar Zander was born in Berlin in 1846 and died in Auckland in 1901 as indicated on the death certificate below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

His father’s occupation was entered as bricklayer, but the Landesarchiv Berlin has no specific record for 1846. Another problem is the accuracy of filling in forms where dates may be incorrectly registered and mis-spellings of the same name occur on the same page as seems to be the case for the birth certificate of his daughter Nellie Louisa Marie:

 

Germany was not a country but a group of states prior to unification by Bismark in 1848, so there were significant political events occurring around the time of Johan and Caroline’s birth. Lueckenwalde is in the "Land" or state of Brandenburg (founded 1815) and district of Potsdam, lying about 50km south of Berlin.

1882 map

 

 

 

 

 

Nothing is known of the Zander’s German life except for a later translation of Caroline’s confirmation certificate dated 29th March 1863:

 

For reasons that are unknown, the family emigrated to Queensland Australia, sailing from Hamburg on the Lammershagen on October 11th 1876. The journey took until January 16th1877 and is described in a book by Pennie Manderson-"Voyages to Queensland of the Lammershagen".In her book, the family names are mis-spelt perhaps due to illegibility on the original documents but other records in Auckland confirm that the Zanders did indeed travel on this ship.

Family rumour has it that Johan went out to settle in Australia with his brother (who has never been identified). It is interesting that in Pennie’s book, the Zanders were classified as "nominated or remittance" passengers defined as follows: Any natural born or naturalised person residing in Queensland, desiring to provide a passage to the Colony for a friend or relative in Europe, could obtain a passage warrant from the Government on payment of the required amount. The warrant was then forwarded to the friend or relative in Europe. On presentation of the warrant, the Government representitive in Europe would then arrange a passage for the emigrant. It is possible therefore that an unknown relative did just this; the family rumour continues with the story that the "brothers" fell out in Queensland leading to Johan changing his name from Zander to Zanders and leaving for New Zealand. The reminiscences of his daughter Nelley (see later) describe his change of mood after a supposed riding accident in Australia-perhaps this contributed to the family troubles and ensured that the Zanders came to New Zealand?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Lammershagen’s destination was Maryborough near Hervey Bay, "discovered" by James Cook in 1770. The following excerpts from the local Maryborough Chronicle give a good idea of what that particular voyage and arrival was like:

 

 

No more is known about the movements of the Zanders (Johan and Caroline plus son and daughter) in Australia. A second son Carl was born in 1877 but died in 1879. At some point in 1879 they moved to the North Island of New Zealand.

(The Lammershagen lasted until November 1882 when it was wrecked off Pwlldu Point in Wales. The picture below is a photograph of the ship at that time:)

 

 

This account of Maryborough life (nine years after the Zanders’ arrival) was reproduced in the magazine of the Maryborough District Family History Society:

MARYBOROUGH IN 1886
An Extract from the Diary of Donald Adams

Donald ADAMS and his wife Margaret (Maggie) McCONOCHIE arrived in Maryborough on the "Cloncurry" on 13 August 1886. They were met at the wharf by David McCONOCHIE, Maggie’s uncle. Donald Adams wrote an account of the journey out here and the following extract tells of life in Maryborough on their arrival.

………. Maggie says, I might as well fill up the book when I am at it, so I will try and give some account of Maryborough. You would not take long to walk through it. It is well laid out, the streets are macadamised about the centre of the town, and in the outskirts. The streets in wet weather are just mudholes. All the houses are built of wood, except some of the hotels and large shops in the principal streets which are built with brick and cement fronts.

All the public houses are hotels, and there are no licensed grocers here. Grocers shops sell all sorts of delft and ironmongery goods. There are a good few auctioneers sale rooms for selling land, property, horses and cattle. You can buy an allotment of land within the town, ¼ acre or so for £70, outside the town about £30, over the river from £6 upwards, up the bush £1 per acre and less.

They don’t start work here before 8 in the morning, 12 o’clock is the dinner hour. There are two foundries and one shipyard, two or three sawmills and two sash and door factories. They have got two newspapers, ‘The Wide Bay News’ and the ‘Maryborough Chronicle’, the first is daily, the other 3 times a week. The only suburbs the town has got yet are Granville and Tinana. There is a good river navigable for about 15 miles above Maryborough. The harbour is only a small piece, piled in here and there for a vessel to lie at. Vessels about 800 tons can come up to Maryborough.

There is a railway station, trains go to Gympie, Gayndah, Howard, Kanyas etc. Steamers to Brisbane and up north. There is not much to be seen up the bush, when you go up about 3 miles, you see as much as if you had went 50. It is all the same – large trees, and small trees, and all sorts of creepers, cedar, gum, ironbark, fig, orange, lemon, pineapple, banana and the prickly pear everywhere to be met with.

The woods are full of birds, parrots, laughing jackasses, and all sorts with a beautiful plumage. There are plenty of snakes and guanas and lizards of all kinds, while the ground is swarming with ants and the croaking of frogs on the approach of rain is something tremendous. There are plenty of mosquitoes too (we know that for a fact before we got a mosquito curtain).

There are plenty of beautiful butterflies and insects, and very large spiders. I will now tell you about the houses. The houses are all raised a foot or two up off the ground on piles, that is for to keep cockroaches and other vermin from gathering, as well as for heavy rains. They have all got a verandah and a back door. The partitions don’t run the whole way up, but a little higher than the doors, that is for ventilation in the summer.

All houses have either a garden or a paddock. The water is not led into the houses, the water cock is always a piece back from the door. They don’t use a grate, only an oven and two iron bars. I will try and give you a drawing of a fireplace.

The fire for cooking burns on the top of the oven. When you are doing anything in the oven, you put a fire below. The oven is always hot on the top shelf. There are no W.C. in any of the houses, they are all outside. The women don’t bleach clothes on the grass, they hang them on a line outside for a day or two, and the air makes them beautiful. The Maryborough water is very soft, far softer than rain water. You can almost wash yourself in it without soap. They wash all clothes in cold water.

I think I have told you all I know myself. I will now close with saying that we are all in good health, and that Maggie was never better than she is now. You ought to see the lump of beef she can put out of sight. Tom can eat as much, nearly as I can. He is walking now and is a sturdy wee fellow. I think we will agree with the place, it is a splendid climate. I will give you a sketch of our house now and say Good-bye.

When you see one house, you see the whole of them, 6/6d per week in rent of the one I have shown you, without the gravitation water, 6/- per week. There is gas into all the shops, and a great many of the houses, but I have not found out the price of it yet. We use a paraffin lamp, candles are 2d each or 9d per pound, fire-wood varies, split 4ft lengths, 6/- per load, that will burn about 6 weeks, cut 18" long, 8/6 per load. Iron bark out of the sawmills cut in nice pieces, 10/- per load. This will last about 12 weeks, and is the best of the lot, but if you have a horse and cart and an axe, you don’t need to buy firewood. It is only the labour you pay for.

I was up in the bush a bit, where they were clearing away the tress, and there were tons upon tons of wood piled up ready for burning where they lay. It would pay a man with a small capital to put up a small sawmill to cut that wood for the market, the carriage would be the only obstacle. The roads are only a track through the forest, and in wet weather a dray with a load on it will sink up to the axle and would require about a dozen horses to draw it.

The kind of men Queensland wants most, is men with money who would take up the land and clear it when they could sell it again for 20 times as much as they paid for it. The orange and banana plantations are just growing among tall trees. They clear away the underwood and ring bark the large trees, which makes them die. That is, they cut a ring round the bark with an axe, they then plant between the trees. These large trees will stand dead for years.

Another thing I forgot to mention – you must have a meat safe in your house to keep things from the ants. I made one out of one of our chests which had given way on the voyage. I got the loan of tools from one of my shipmates who lives a few doors from us.

Another thing you have to watch are your clothes, and keep them from the silver fish which will eat holes in them in no time. They are an insect which comes out in the night time, and they shine like silver. I will draw one for you, full size. They get in the seams of the wood and there is no getting them out.

Talking of insects, the time I was walking in Mr Murray’s garden, I saw some of the ugliest looking insects you could imagine. I was afraid to look at them. If we left our coats hanging over a fence, the pockets would be full of lizards when we put them on. Fleas are as lively here as at home, and grow to a very large size, but I am told there are no bugs in Queensland, and I hope I have been told the truth. Now, anyone who reads this may thank Maggie for so much information, she kept me writing so I would finish the book. She said there was no use buying a book at 5d (that is the price of this book here) and not filling it up, so I have done my best to fill it up. If I have put down anything wrong, or given wrong information, it is done unintentionally. Some things I have been told, others I have seen myself, so you can depend on what I have seen. I will now say Good-Bye.

Sept 30th 1886 1 March Street, Maryborough, Queensland

 

 

 

Zanders in New Zealand

 

 

The family settled in the North Island of New Zealand and stayed in the Auckland area. The following account describes life with an irascible John Oscar and strong willed Caroline as described by Nelley Janey Zanders (1887-1966) (married Purchase) and passed on by her daughter Nellie to Carol Murray:

"This is a true story as far as I can remember back and the early parts being told me by Mother.

We were a big family and I the second to youngest.My Mother and Father had come to New Zealand and settled in Auckland for a time (Auckland was a very bustling port town).
My Mother was a beautiful woman with large brown soft eyes and brown hair that shone like gold when the sun was on it, and the sweetest nature that God ever gave anybody.
Her love never seemed to alter, no matter how she was tried and she did have some trials and tests. She always overcame them with these words - "God does not give us more than we can carry".

One big trial was my Father.He was a big handsome man, fair with grey eyes, dark wavy hair and a set of perfect teeth. A man to whom all eyes turned. He was always immaculately dressed with the best tailored suits, hats, gloves and shoes that must not have a speck of dirt on them. He was a very clever man, a cabinet-maker by trade and a very good one, and he would not turn his hand to any other thing. The garden soiled his hands. But there were times when people didn't buy his beautiful chests, tables and boxes which were all inlaid with very fine veneers of all different type and design. They were beyond the poor mans purse.

When my 3 older brothers and 3 older sisters were small, Mother had a very hard time. First of all landing in a strange land with only her shipmates to help out (and not speaking English). My arrival on this earth was in a lonely place 70 miles north of Auckland in dense bush, where the only contact with Auckland was every 3 months or more by scow, schooners or ketch. My Mother used to walk many miles to help neighbours and once when the boat didn't come,(1887) she took me (a baby of 3 months) and my eldest brother (a boy of 14) and walked to Auckland. They carried back, between them 50lb of flour and there were no roads at the time, only bush tracks.

Often she made bread from what we now use for fowl food (sharps). Their main meat menu was wild goats and pigs which was cooked in camp ovens. They ate wild berries and once Mother was almost poisoned as she thought pururiri berries looked so nice and she tried them then became very ill. As there were no doctors near, it meant she had to doctor herself.

From there we moved nearer Auckland (to Leigh) where there were gum fields, and our boys and girls with Mother used to go out gum digging to keep the home going. Once every 2 weeks we would all pile into a boat with Mother and go to a little village to sell the gum and buy the fortnights groceries. One item that we children enjoyed was peanuts, our only luxury that we got, apart from Father's on his trips to Auckland. Father's work was sold once every 3 months in Auckland, and on his return trip there would be a lot of timber for the next lot. Some fruit and sweets were the only thing he brought home for us. When Father’s timber came, we had to get busy and get it to his workshop, which was now up a very steep incline from the water, where the scow used to bring it to. We used to work like a band of ants, carrying one each end of the boards so as not to bump them. Father's workshop was indeed his domain and we children were never allowed in it. Our home was a 2 storeyed place there and the attic rooms faced Auckland and at night we used to watch the lights of the city.

My Father had a most dreadful temper and it was not long after we moved here, that the eldest girl (Anna 1875-1912) and boy (Emil 1872-1943) left home on that account. Mother was very broken-hearted, but knew it was the only thing for them to do. She always used to say he was never like that before he had a fall from a horse in Queensland before they came to New Zealand. She would cook a lovely dinner for him alone and he would sometimes come in and pick up the dish and dash it to the floor and say "I had that last week" How often we looked on with envious eyes to those wasted dinners. My second oldest sister (Mary 1879-1914) got old enough to go to work and she learnt dressmaking. After a dreadfull outburst on Fathers part, Mother told him she was leaving, until he tried to control those tempers. She got a wee home and went out doing maternity cases and my sister did dressmaking and soon between them, with some financial help from my big brother, she had a dear little home of her own built. Father only came home once to see her and then when she didn't hear from him for awhile (April 1901)and feeling anxious, she went to Auckland to where he had gone to live (Cook St). After knocking and getting no reply, she found a policeman who she asked would he go and see. He did, to find Father lying on his bed, where he had died after taking a heart turn. He was brought to our home town to be buried (Warkworth Presb Cemetery).

Life went on quietly for Mother till my eldest sister (Anna) who was having her sixth child, died in childbirth (September 1912). (Anna had married Richard John Knaggs in July 1898 at George Knaggs house). By this time we were all married. Again things settled down, but not for very long before my second oldest sister died and left 2 children. This was too much for Mother and she died 2 weeks later, we believe of a broken heart.

 

No mention here of Frederick Harry who would have been nine when his father died. The gravestone at Warkworth Presbyterian cemetery is shown below:

Warkworth in the 19th Century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Warkworth Settlement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Oscar’s house in Whangerei-room in front was used for woodworking.

 

 

 

Family Pictures:

John Oscar Zanders on left-1887 Ti point, Omaha

 

John Oscar became a naturalised New Zealander as the certificates below show, but his son Emil didn’t, and was interned for a while during World War I.

Caroline (b.1880) Wilhelm (b.1883) Charles (b. 1884) Mary (b. 1879)

Caroline (mother) Harry (b. 1892) aged 9.

 

Harry Mary Caroline Tommy Knaggs

(son of Anna)

Around 1912

Wedding of Grenville Purchase and Nellie Zanders 1909

Frederick Harry Zanders

Born June 26th 1892, Hobsonville, West Auckland.

According to admission registers (research undertaken by Warkworth museum archive dept) Harry and sister Ellen attended Warkworth and Omaha and Ti Point schools.

Died Christchurch 27th October 1953.

Hobsonville early 20th century

 

 

At some point, Harry Zanders moved to Christchurch and married Euphemia Lamont August 8th 1916, Addington Methodist Church, Christchurch.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Lamont line

 

 

William and Caroline Lamont had eleven children, nine in Scotland and two in New Zealand where they emigrated to in 1914. There is no information about the ship that they travelled in and from which port, but the marriage certificate above indicates that they may have settled in Sydenham, Christchurch, and that Euphemia (Effie) Lamont was a clerk at the time of her marriage.

 

 

 

 

 

The Lamont Clan

Motto:" Ne parcas nec spernas" –"neither spare nor dispose" (whatever that means).

 

 

 

The Lamonts lived in Renfrew near Glasgow in the parish of Eastwood and town of Pollockshaws (34 Pollock Street) as indicated in Euphemia’s birth certificate. The census of 1891 in Scotland also provided evidence for birth dates of her parents and other children.

 

 

 

 

Eastwood

"EASTWOOD, parish, containing Pollockshaws and Thornliebank towns and Shawlands village, on border of Renfrewshire, near south-west side of Glasgow. Its length is nearly 4 miles; its greatest breadth 3¾ miles; its area 5596 acres. Real property in 1880-81, £61,499. Pop., quoad civilia, 13,915; quoad sacra, 7368. The surface lies at an elevation of from about 30 to about 300 feet above sea-level; is an assemblage of flats, vales, and many swells and small hills with intersections of the White Cart and other streams; and presents, in the aggregate, a very beautiful appearance. Sandstone, limestone, ironstone, and coal are worked. Pollock House, a seat of Sir John M. Maxwell, Bart., is a prominent mansion."
[From The Gazetteer of Scotland, by Rev. John Wilson, 1882.]

Pollokshaws

"POLLOCKSHAWS, town on the White Cart, 2½ miles south-south-west of Glasgow. It stands in Eastwood parish, which had for ministers the ecclesiastical historians Crawford and Woodrow; consists of irregularly-arranged streets, but presents a pleasant appearance; is a prosperous seat of manufacture; and has a post office with money order and telegraph departments, under Glasgow, a railway station, 2 banking offices, a town hall, 2 Established churches, 2 Free churches, United Presbyterian, Original Secession, and Roman Catholic churches, an academy so enlarged in 1879 as to have capacity for about 550 scholars, the Sir John Maxwell school, with about the same capacity as the academy, and a handsome monument to the historian Woodrow. Pop. 9363. Part of this town forms a quoad sacra parish. Pop. 6402."
[From The Gazetteer of Scotland, by Rev. John Wilson, 1882.]

The mansion, Pollock House is now home to the Burrell collection of fine art etc, which I visited for a drinks reception as part of a conference in 1990 knowing nothing of the significance of the area at the time.

 

Euphemia Lamont’s birth certificate:

 

Her father was a blacksmith/journeyman who worked for Carron Iron a well-known foundry which supplied many countries with its products.

 

Apparently he prospered in the firm, since he became foreman and seems to be quite authoritative in the family picture taken in front of the works in around 1910.

Effie, Ellen, Mary (holding John) Catherine (holding Nessie)

George, Alfred, Willam, William,

Catherine

It is possible that the children attended the Sir John Maxwell school in Pollockshaws. Most of the village was demolished in the 1960s and only a few buildings remain among the high-rises.

 

 

 

 

The Zanders family in Lyttleton.

Harry Zanders and Effie Lamont were married 1916 and had three children, Ziska, Douglas and Gerald. Douglas was born on September 16th 1918, just before the end of World War I and the year of the influenza pandemic.

 

Christchurch 1918

 

 

 

 

The family lived in a bungalow at 31 Atholston Street, Spreydon, Christchurch .

Harry was a skilled motor mechanic who worked on the Christchurch tramways.

 

Christchurch tram 1922

 

During the recession at the end of the 1920s, Harry was made redundant and became a "peripatetic" motor mechanic working away from home in places like Kirwee during the week. The entry in the National Register of Archives and Manuscripts in New Zealand gives a brief description of the tramways below:

 

The Christchurch Tramway Boaxd was established by statute in 1902, the Bill also providing for a loan of up to œ250,000 for electrification of the obsolete horsedrawn system. Tenders for the work were called in 1904 and the contract granted to a Christchurch organized syndicate funded by the formation of the New Zealand Electrical Construction Company.
The Board secured the stock of the Christchurch Tramway Company and on 14 May 1905 when the Company handed over to the Boaxd horsedrawn trams disappeared. On 6 June 1905 the changeover to electric trams was celebrated with free rides and due ceremony.
The service was later extended to New Brighton, St Albans, Riccarton, Lancaster Park, Sumner, Fendalton and Opawa.
During the thirties patronage was affected by the depression and in particular by the increased use of private motorcars and trolley and petrol buses.

 

 

Around 1929-30, the shipwrights Sinclair Melbourne of Lyttleton bought the Bank of New South Wales in Dublin Street and converted it into a garage with pumps and a workshop. The family moved here from Christchurch.

Dublin Street roughly indicated on the photograph below taken in the 1870s:

More pictures of Lyttleton:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Douglas left home at 18 and went to Melbourne Australia to study music around 1940. His initial contacts there were two aunts, Catherine Lamont (a writer) and Margaret (a singer). He finally returned to Lyttleton in 1947 having served in the Australian Army in an anti-aircraft division, then a concert party group entertaining the troops in Australia and New Guinea.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Family pictures from the 1940s:

Douglas and parents

 

Gerald Parents Ziska+baby Wislang children

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ziska Athol Wislang Ziska and children

 

Gerald

 

 

Christmas Day 1940-with neighbours?

 

 

Douglas Wislang children

 

 

 

 

Late 1940s onwards:

Douglas Gerald

 

Piano recitals on New Zealand Radio.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Met Beth Baker through Ziska married August 30th 1949

 

 

 

 

 

Douglas Beth Gerald

 

 

 

 

 

THE BAKER LINE

 

The Baker family lived in Christchurch and had three children who lived beyond infancy, Jack, Beth, Alan and Les (who was adopted).

 

I have little information about Thomas Baker (place of birth-probably New Zealand). His marriage certificate mentions that his father was a platelayer called Jonathan Baker and his mother Ann Baker nee Earnshaw . Thomas was a wool buyer in Christchurch and was manager of a wool scouring works in Washdyke near Timaru, South Canterbury.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wool transport in the early 1900s

 

Wool scouring works

Christchurch wool auction 1940s

Thomas Baker married Clara Elizabeth (Lizzie) Harris in 1899 at her father Nathaniel’s house in Washdyke.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ancestors of Clara Elizabeth Harris

 

 

Lizzie was born in New Zealand on May 18th 1873 to a Welsh father and English mother. The family tree is quite extensive as shown here:

 

She was one of nine children of Nathaniel Harris and Sarah Ann Duffull

 

Researches of Daphne Griffiths

For a detailed account of the origins of the Duffulls and their emigration from Surrey to New Zealand, refer to the separate document written by Daphne Griffiths.

Nathaniel Harris and Sarah Ann Duffull

Marriage certificate

Four generations of the Harris Family.

Susan Boulton (Nathaniel’s mother) Nathaniel

 

The Baker family.

Family picture 1904. Sadly, three children did not live past their first year.

 

Jack Les Alan Beth

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jack Baker with Les (left) in 1953

 

 

 

Les Baker, Mary Alan Baker

 

 

 

 

Family outings

 

Beth Baker. Born April 2nd 1913.

This was around the time that the ill-fated Scott Antarctic expedition returned to Christchurch.

 

 

 

 

 

 

With Florence Collinson, Godmother

 

 

 

 

 

Beth married John Niblock, (a lawyer who was born in Birkenhead, England) in 1933. They had two children, Michael (born 1933) and Joanna (born 1936), but later divorced.

 

 

With Joanna Michael Joanna Michael

 

 

The Niblock tree.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Alexander’s father (Alexander Moncour) was obviously an interesting man according to this material from Shane Niblock:

March 3, 1951

Some interesting aspects of the life of A. M. Niblock

Born Birkenhead, Cheshire, England on 2 September 1876, third son in family of seven. Father died when six years of age, leaving family in poor circumstances. Church school gave Primary School education locally. Made money to help family as errand boy and newspaper seller. At 13 went to sea as deckboy on sailing ship, first voyage to China. Master of ship took great interest in the boy and his training. Age 18 gained his Mate’s ticket. Decided to enter Ministry and Missionary work in India.

Back in England was assisted to attend Livingstone College, London. Studied theology, tropical diseases, for three years, finally passing with Honours. He and three others at the college set up river mission in India entirely on their own, no particular denomination. After four years, malaria fever compelled return to UK.

Assisted Medical Mission at Liverpool. In 1904, met at the mission Miss Dunham, later married.

Lectured in Russia, Germany, Holland as Assoc. Member of the Philosophical Society of Great Britain. Many leading men of intellect of the pre First World War period were his friends, but interests extended to all walks of life. Among them Bombadier Wells, British Heavyweight Champion and Jack Hobbs, famous cricketer.

Came under the influence of Dean Inge, Dean of St Pauls. Decided to take Orders in the Church of England. Previously Baptist. He was at Wells Theological College when the First World War broke out, 1914. Joined Medical Corps, special assistance in 1916 to Canadian troops in France subjected to poison gas. Became gas casualty himself. Invalided out of the army, advised by the Bishop of London to recoup by emigrating to NZ with his wife and seven children.

In appearance, small, spare in stature. Fluent speaker, face was expressive, of a serene mind, good sense of humour. From 1917 until a few years before his death, served Church of England as deacon, priest and vicar in Auckland, Te Awamutu, Porangahau and New Plymouth. Toured NZ as a lecturer in psychology.

Joined Masonic Lodge 5 November 1920. Lodge Waipa No. 119, Te Awamutu. Vicar Stanley Bay, Auckland. Grand Master New Plymouth Research Lodge of the Taaranaki Province, No. 323.

 

Extract from letter from Rachel Niblock, England, to Adrienne Niblock 10.10.83:

Alexander Moncur (as I found out from his birth certificate) – his father was Anthony Niblock who was a seaman, his mother was Sarah Elizabeth Niblock (nee Hunt) and they all lived at 98 Oliver Street, Birkenhead.

Family rumour has it that the Niblocks originally came from Ballymena, Northern Ireland, the name derives from North Block, the land being divided into a north and a south block. Originate from the Wellesley clan (duke of Wellington) keepers of the North block towers which was part of the Wellesley clan holdings. Family crest: Leopard on a twisted rope. Motto: All’s well. Also mention of O’Neills, and the "Bloody Hand" which in heraldry refers to the red hand granted to the Baronets of Ulster to add to their shields and crests.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thomas and Lizzie in old age