Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark
Born 10 June 1921 Mon Repos, Corfu, Kingdom of Greece
Died 9 April 2021 (aged 99), Windsor Castle, United Kingdom
Photos from the Twin Rivers Motor Show. A&P Showgrounds on Sunday 14 March.
In this day in 1997 observers in China, Mongolia and eastern Siberia are treated to a rare double feature as an eclipse permits Comet Hale-Bopp to be seen during the day.
In 1922, Ibn Saud met a New Zealand mining engineer named Major Frank Holmes.
During World War I, Holmes had been to Gallipoli and then Ethiopia, where he first heard rumours of the oil seeps of the Persian Gulf region. He was convinced that much oil would be found throughout the region. After the war, Holmes helped to set up Eastern and General Syndicate Ltd in order to seek oil concessions in the region.
In 1923, the king signed a concession with Holmes allowing him to search for oil in eastern Saudi Arabia. Eastern and General Syndicate brought in a Swiss geologist to evaluate the land. This discouraged the major banks and oil companies from investing in Arabian oil ventures.
In 1925, Holmes signed a concession with the sheikh of Bahrain, allowing him to search for oil there. He then proceeded to the United States to find an oil company that might be interested in taking on the concession. He found help from Gulf Oil.
In 1927, Gulf Oil took control of the concessions that Holmes made years ago. But Gulf Oil was a partner in the Iraq Petroleum Company, which was jointly owned by Royal Dutch/Shell, Anglo-Persian, the Compagnie Française des Pétroles, and “the Near East Development Company, representing the interests of the American companies.
The partners had signed up to the “Red Line Agreement”, which meant that Gulf Oil was precluded from taking up the Bahrain concession without the consent of the other partners; and they declined. Despite a promising survey in Bahrain, Gulf Oil was forced to transfer its interest to another company, Standard Oil of California (SOCAL), which was not a bound by the Red Line Agreement.
Meanwhile Ibn Saud had dispatched American mining engineer Karl Twitchell to examine eastern Arabia. Twitchell found encouraging signs of oil, asphalt seeps in the vicinity of Qatif, but advised the king to await the outcome of the Bahrain No.1 well before inviting bids for a concession for Al-Ahsa.
To the American engineers working in Bahrain, standing on the Jebel Dukhan and gazing across a 32 km stretch of the Persian Gulf at the Arabian Peninsula in the clear light of early morning, the outline of the low Dhahran hills in the distance were an obvious oil prospect.
On 31 May 1932, the SOCAL subsidiary, the Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO) struck oil in Bahrain. The discovery brought fresh impetus to the search for oil on the Arabian peninsula.
Negotiations for an oil concession for al-Hasa province opened at Jeddah in March, 1933. Twitchell attended with lawyer Lloyd Hamilton on behalf of SOCAL. The Iraq Petroleum Company represented by Stephen Longrigg competed in the bidding, but SOCAL was granted the concession on 23 May 1933. Under the agreement, SOCAL was given “exploration rights to some 930,000 square km of land for 60 years”. Soon after the agreement, geologists arrived in al-Hasa and the search for oil was underway.
SOCAL set up a subsidiary company, the California Arabian Standard Oil Company (CASOC) to develop the oil concession. SOCAL also joined forces with the Texas Oil Company when together they formed CALTEX in 1936 to take advantage of the latter’s formidable marketing network in Africa and Asia.
When CASOC geologists surveyed the concession area, they identified a promising site and named it Dammam No. 7, after a nearby village. Over the next three years, the drillers were unsuccessful in making a commercial strike, but chief geologist Max Steineke persevered. He urged the team to drill deeper, even when Dammam No. 7 was plagued by cave-ins, stuck drill bits and other problems, before the drillers finally struck oil on 3 March 1938.
On this day in 1983 Compact discs and players are released for the first time in the United States and other markets. They had previously been available only in Japan.
38 Years later…
On this day in 1936 the Hoover Dam is completed.
Construction began in 1931 with a construction cost of $49 million (1931 budget). ($675 million in 2019 dollars)
Volume 2,480,000 cubic metres
Lake Mead (35.2 cubic kilometres) with a 435,000 square km catchment
13 × 130 MW
2 × 127 MW
1 × 68.5 MW
1 × 61.5 MW Francis-type
2 × 2.4 MW Pelton-type
Installed capacity 2,080 MW
Capacity factor 23%
Annual generation 4.2 TWh (15 PJ)
As of 2017 the Three Gorges Dam in China with it’s capacity of 22,500 MW is the largest power generating station in the world.
In 2015 it generated 87 TWh, for a capacity factor of:
Hoover Dam has a capacity factor of:
On 28 February 1953 Crick interrupted patrons’ lunchtime at The Eagle pub in Cambridge to announce that he and Watson had “discovered the secret of life”.
In subsequent years, it has been recognized that Watson and his colleagues did not properly attribute colleague Rosalind Franklin for her contributions to the discovery of the double helix structure.
Winding Up at the Court Theatre
Just when things should be slowing down for retirees Baz and Gen, life is Winding Up. With grandkids to wrangle, a cruise to plan and Barry’s preoccupation with plotting his own funeral, the reality of the so-called ‘golden years’ is explored in this comedy from Roger Hall.
Starring Mark Hadlow, this is a story of a retired couple contemplating the end of life. It all fells like a series of connected sketches around relationships and meeting the grim reaper.
Once the characters and their situation is established, it soon becomes clear that the story could end in the death of one of them. However this would be a downer and very unsatisfactory ending to a comedy. There was a previous Local comedy that did this, which just made me mad at the cheap ending.
Fortunately Roger Hall is a better playwright and the story manages to cover all the issues of getting older, including facing death but without ending on a depressing note.
Armando Anthony “Chick” Corea
(June 12, 1941 – February 9, 2021)
was an American jazz composer, keyboardist and bandleader.
As a member of Miles Davis’s band in the late 1960s, he participated in the birth of jazz fusion.
In the 1970s he formed Return to Forever. Along with Herbie Hancock, McCoy Tyner, Keith Jarrett and Bill Evans, he is considered one of the most influential jazz pianists of the post-John Coltrane era.
From my collection:
In this day in 2003 the Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrated during the reentry of mission STS-107 into the Earth’s atmosphere, killing all seven astronauts aboard.